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Lesson 1, Topic 1
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Basic Concepts of Plant Growth and Development

Cartier April 2, 2023

Plant growth and development are complex processes that involve multiple stages and factors. Some basic concepts of plant growth and development include

Photosynthesis: Plants use energy from sunlight to produce food through photosynthesis. This process involves converting light into chemical energy stored in sugars and other organic molecules.

Hormones: Plant growth and development are regulated by auxins, gibberellins, cytokinins, and abscisic acid. These hormones control various processes, such as cell division, elongation, differentiation, and senescence.

Environmental Factors: Plants respond to environmental factors such as light, temperature, water, and nutrients. These factors can affect the rate of growth and development of plants.

Cell Division: The growth of plants starts with cell division, where the cells divide and multiply to form tissues and organs.

Reproduction: Plants reproduce through seeds containing embryonic plants that develop into mature plants. Reproduction is a critical stage in the life cycle of plants, and it involves several complex processes, such as pollination, fertilization, and seed germination.

Senescence: Senescence is the process of aging and death in plants. It involves the gradual breakdown of plant tissues and organs and is influenced by age, environmental stress, and hormonal changes.

Plant growth and development are complex processes that involve multiple stages and factors. Some basic concepts of plant growth and development include

Cell Division: The growth of plants starts with cell division, where the cells divide and multiply to form tissues and organs.

Photosynthesis: Plants use energy from sunlight to produce food through photosynthesis. This process involves converting light into chemical energy stored in sugars and other organic molecules.

Hormones: Plant growth and development are regulated by auxins, gibberellins, cytokinins, and abscisic acid. These hormones control various processes, such as cell division, elongation, differentiation, and senescence.

Environmental Factors: Plants respond to environmental factors such as light, temperature, water, and nutrients. These factors can affect the rate of growth and development of plants.

Reproduction: Plants reproduce through seeds containing embryonic plants that develop into mature plants. Reproduction is a critical stage in the life cycle of plants, and it involves several complex processes, such as pollination, fertilization, and seed germination.

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