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Lesson 1, Topic 1
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Understanding The Flowering Stage

Cartier April 3, 2023

The flowering stage is essential to the cannabis plant’s life cycle. During this stage, the plant produces flowers, which contain cannabinoids and terpenes that are for medicinal and recreational purposes. Understanding the flowering stage is crucial for cultivating healthy and high-quality cannabis plants. Here’s what you need to know:

Timing of the Flowering Stage

typically begins when the plant is exposed to 12 hours of darkness and 12 hours of light. This light cycle mimics the natural changes in daylight during the fall, signaling to the plant that it’s time to start producing flowers. The length of the flowering stage can vary depending on the strain, with some plants taking as little as 8 weeks and others taking up to 12 weeks to reach maturity.

Changes During the Flowering Stage

During the flowering stage, cannabis plants undergo significant changes. Here are some key changes to look for:

Growth of Buds: The most noticeable change during the flowering stage is the growth of buds. These are the flowers of the cannabis plant and contain the highest concentrations of cannabinoids and terpenes.

Changes in Color: As the buds mature, they may change from white to yellow, orange, or red. This is a sign that the plant is reaching maturity and is ready for harvest.

Increase in Trichomes: Trichomes are the tiny, hair-like structures covering the buds’ surface. They contain the highest concentrations of cannabinoids and terpenes and are a crucial indicator of plant maturity.

Change in Odor: As the buds mature, they emit a stronger and more distinct aroma. This is due to the production of terpenes, which give cannabis its characteristic scent.

Nutrient Requirements During the Flowering Stage

During the flowering stage, cannabis plants have different nutrient requirements than during the vegetative growth stage. Here are some of the key nutrients needed during the flowering stage:

Phosphorus: Phosphorus is a crucial nutrient for flower development and is necessary for producing healthy buds.

Potassium: Potassium helps regulate water balance and nutrient uptake, which is crucial for plant health during the flowering stage.

Calcium and Magnesium: These secondary macronutrients help support overall plant health and can prevent nutrient deficiencies that can harm flower development.

Trace Minerals: Cannabis plants also require trace minerals such as iron, zinc, and copper during the flowering stage.

It’s essential to provide cannabis plants with a balanced nutrient formula that contains all of the necessary macronutrients and trace minerals during the flowering stage. Avoid over-fertilizing, as this can lead to nutrient burn and other issues.

Harvesting During the Flowering Stage

Harvesting during the flowering stage requires careful timing to ensure that the buds are at their peak potency and flavor. The timing of harvest will depend on the strain, but generally, the buds should be harvested when the trichomes have turned from clear to cloudy or amber in color. This indicates that the buds are at their peak potency and flavor.

In conclusion, the flowering stage is an essential part of the cannabis plant’s life cycle. Understanding the changes that occur during this stage and providing the necessary nutrients can help ensure that your plants produce healthy and high-quality buds. With careful timing and attention to detail, you can harvest your plants at their peak potency and enjoy the benefits of homegrown cannabis.

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