fbpx
Lesson 1, Topic 1
In Progress

Cannabis Plant Growth Stages: Vegetative and Flowering

Cartier April 13, 2023

Objective: By the end of this lesson, you should be able to understand and identify the two primary growth stages of cannabis plants: the vegetative stage and the flowering stage.

Introduction: Cannabis, also known as marijuana, is a popular plant often grown for its medicinal and recreational properties. The two main growth stages of the cannabis plant are the vegetative and flowering stages. Understanding these growth stages is crucial for optimizing the yield and quality of the final product.

I. Vegetative Stage

A. Overview

  1. The vegetative stage is when the cannabis plant focuses on growing leaves, branches, and roots without producing flowers or buds.
  2. During this stage, plants require a longer duration of light exposure, typically 18 hours of light and 6 hours of darkness per day.
  3. The vegetative stage can last anywhere from 2 to 8 weeks, depending on the strain and growing conditions.

B. Key Characteristics

  1. Rapid Growth: During the vegetative stage, the cannabis plant can grow several inches daily.
  2. Large Fan Leaves: The plant develops large, broad fan leaves that help it capture sunlight and photosynthesize efficiently.
  3. Lush Green Color: The plant will have a vibrant green color due to high levels of chlorophyll in its leaves.

C. Nutrient Requirements

  1. Nitrogen: High amounts of nitrogen are required to develop leaves and branches during the vegetative stage.
  2. Potassium and Phosphorus: Moderate levels of potassium and phosphorus are needed for root development and overall growth.
  3. Calcium and Magnesium: These micronutrients are crucial to maintaining the plant’s health.

II. Flowering Stage

A. Overview

  1. The flowering stage is when the cannabis plant starts producing flowers, also known as buds or colas.
  2. During this stage, plants require a shorter duration of light exposure, typically 12 hours of light and 12 hours of darkness per day.
  3. Depending on the specific strain and growing conditions, the flowering stage can last 6 to 12 weeks.

B. Key Characteristics

  1. Formation of Buds: The plant starts producing buds that will later be harvested for their medicinal and recreational properties.
  2. Pistils and Trichomes: The buds develop pistils (hair-like structures) and trichomes (glandular structures that produce cannabinoids and terpenes).
  3. Sex Determination: During the early flowering stage, you can identify the plant’s sex. Female plants produce buds, while male plants produce pollen sacs.

C. Nutrient Requirements

  1. Nitrogen: Lower amounts of nitrogen are required during flowering to prevent excessive leaf growth.
  2. Potassium and Phosphorus: High levels of potassium and phosphorus are needed for bud development and overall growth.
  3. Calcium and Magnesium: These micronutrients are crucial to maintaining the plant’s health.

Conclusion: Understanding and monitoring the vegetative and flowering stages of cannabis plant growth are essential for successful cultivation. By providing the right nutrients and lighting conditions during each stage, you can optimize the growth, yield, and quality of your cannabis plants. Remember to always adhere to your local laws and regulations when growing cannabis. Happy growing!

Join Cartier Crops

Please enable JavaScript in your browser to complete this form.
Name
Email
Password

As promised, you’ll get access to Cartier Crops. I’ll also send you emails with helpful products and resources. Clicking submit gives me express consent to send these types of emails. Opt-out anytime :-)